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Title: From microjoules to megajoules and kilobars to gigabars: Probing matter at extreme states of deformation

Over the past 3 decades, there has been an exponential increase in work done in the newly emerging field of matter at extreme states of deformation and compression. This accelerating progress is due to the confluence of new experimental facilities, experimental techniques, theory, and simulations. Regimes of science hitherto thought out of reach in terrestrial settings are now being accessed routinely. High-pressure macroscopic states of matter are being experimentally studied on high-power lasers and pulsed power facilities, and next-generation light sources are probing the quantum response of matter at the atomic level. Combined, this gives experimental access to the properties and dynamics of matter from femtoseconds to microseconds in time scale and from kilobars to gigabars in pressure. There are a multitude of new regimes of science that are now accessible in laboratory settings. Examples include planetary formation dynamics, asteroid and meteor impact dynamics, space hardware response to hypervelocity dust and debris impacts, nuclear reactor component response to prolonged exposure to radiation damage, advanced research into light weight armor, capsule dynamics in inertial confinement fusion research, and the basic high energy density properties of matter. We review highlights and advances in this rapidly developing area of science and research.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)
  2. Department of Physics, Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PU (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22490113
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: (c) 2015 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ASTEROIDS; CAPSULES; COMPRESSION; DEFORMATION; ENERGY DENSITY; IMPACT STRENGTH; INERTIAL CONFINEMENT; LASERS; LIGHT SOURCES; MATTER; METEOROIDS; PRESSURE RANGE MEGA PA 10-100; RADIATION EFFECTS; REVIEWS; SIMULATION; VISIBLE RADIATION