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Title: Collisionless microtearing modes in hot tokamaks: Effect of trapped electrons

Collisionless microtearing modes have recently been found linearly unstable in sharp temperature gradient regions of large aspect ratio tokamaks. The magnetic drift resonance of passing electrons has been found to be sufficient to destabilise these modes above a threshold plasma β. A global gyrokinetic study, including both passing electrons as well as trapped electrons, shows that the non-adiabatic contribution of the trapped electrons provides a resonant destabilization, especially at large toroidal mode numbers, for a given aspect ratio. The global 2D mode structures show important changes to the destabilising electrostatic potential. The β threshold for the onset of the instability is found to be generally downshifted by the inclusion of trapped electrons. A scan in the aspect ratio of the tokamak configuration, from medium to large but finite values, clearly indicates a significant destabilizing contribution from trapped electrons at small aspect ratio, with a diminishing role at larger aspect ratios.
Authors:
;  [1] ; ; ;  [2]
  1. Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, 382428 (India)
  2. CRPP, EPFL, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22490011
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ASPECT RATIO; PLASMA; PLASMA INSTABILITY; POTENTIALS; RESONANCE; TEMPERATURE GRADIENTS; TOKAMAK DEVICES; TRAPPED ELECTRONS