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Title: Investigation on plasma generated during hypervelocity impact at different impact velocities and angles

A 3D Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics code was developed to investigate plasma generation by considering a chemical reaction process in hypervelocity impacts of an aluminum projectile on an aluminum target. The chemical reaction process was described by the reaction rate based on the Arrhenius equation and used to calculate the plasma generation during the impact simulation. The predicted result was verified by empirical formulas and a new empirical formula was proposed based on the comparisons and analyses. The influence of the impact angle was discussed for different impact velocities. Then, the application of both the new and original empirical formulas for protection design from plasma generated by hypervelocity impact was discussed, which demonstrated that the code and model were useful in the prediction of hypervelocity impacts on spacecraft.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. State Key Laboratory of Explosion Science and Technology, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22489980
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ALUMINIUM; ARRHENIUS EQUATION; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; COMPUTER CODES; HYDRODYNAMICS; PLASMA; PROJECTILES; REACTION KINETICS; TARGETS; THREE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; VELOCITY