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Title: High harmonic generation in underdense plasmas by intense laser pulses with orbital angular momentum

We study high harmonic generation produced by twisted laser pulses, with orbital angular momentum in the relativistic regime, for pulse propagation in underdense plasma. We consider fast time scale processes associated with an ultra-short pulse, where the ion motion can be neglected. We use both analytical models and numerical simulations using a relativistic particle-in-cell code. The present description is valid for relativistic laser intensities, when the normalized field amplitude is much larger than one, a ≫ 1. We also discuss two distinct processes associated with linear and circular polarization. Using both analytical solutions and particle-in-cell simulations, we are able to show that, for laser pulses in a well defined Laguerre-Gauss mode, angular momentum conservation is observed during the process of harmonic generation. Intensity modulation of the harmonic spectrum is also verified, as imposed by the nonlinear time-scale for energy transfer between different harmonics.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. IPFN, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal and Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, 05508-090 São Paulo, SP (Brazil)
  2. GoLP, IPFN, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22489950
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; AMPLITUDES; ANALYTICAL SOLUTION; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; ENERGY TRANSFER; HARMONIC GENERATION; HARMONICS; LASER RADIATION; MODULATION; NONLINEAR PROBLEMS; ORBITAL ANGULAR MOMENTUM; PLASMA; POLARIZATION; PULSES; RELATIVISTIC RANGE; SPECTRA