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Title: Laser-driven high-energy-density deuterium and tritium ions for neutron production in a double-cone configuration

By using two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations, we investigate laser-driven ion acceleration and compression from a thin DT foil in a double-cone configuration. By using two counterpropagating laser pulses, it is shown that a double-cone structure can effectively guide, focus, and strengthen the incident laser pulses, resulting in the enhanced acceleration and compression of D{sup +} and T{sup +}. Due to the ion Coulomb repulsion and the effective screening from the external laser electric fields, the transverse diffusion of ions is significantly suppressed. Finally, the peak energy density of the compressed ions exceeds 2.73 × 10{sup 16 }J/m{sup 3}, which is about five orders of magnitude higher than the threshold for high energy density physics, 10{sup 11 }J/m{sup 3}. Under this condition, DT fusion reactions are initiated and the neutron production rate per volume is estimated to be as high as 7.473 × 10{sup 35}/m{sup 3} s according to Monte Carlo simulations. It is much higher than that of the traditional large neutron sources, which may facilitate many potential applications.
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. College of Science, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China)
  2. (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22489949
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ACCELERATION; COMPRESSION; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; CONES; COULOMB FIELD; DEUTERIUM IONS; ENERGY DENSITY; HEAVY ION FUSION REACTIONS; LASER RADIATION; MONTE CARLO METHOD; NEUTRON SOURCES; PULSES; TRITIUM IONS; TWO-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS