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Title: Microtearing turbulence: Magnetic braiding and disruption limit

A realistic reduced model involving a large poloidal spectrum of microtearing modes is used to probe the existence of some stochasticity of magnetic field lines. Stochasticity is shown to occur even for the low values of the magnetic perturbation δB/B devoted to magnetic turbulence that have been experimentally measured. Because the diffusion coefficient may strongly depend on the radial (or magnetic-flux) coordinate, being very low near some resonant surfaces, and because its evaluation implicitly makes a normal diffusion hypothesis, one turns to another indicator appropriate to diagnose the confinement: the mean residence time of magnetic field lines. Their computation in the microturbulence frame points to the existence of a disruption limit, namely of a critical order of magnitude of δB/B above which stochasticity is no longer benign yet, leads to a macroscopic loss of confinement in some tens to hundred of electron toroidal excursions. Since the level of magnetic turbulence δB/B has been measured to grow with the plasma electron density, this would also be a density limit.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Laboratoire de Physique des Plasmas, CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau cedex (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22489932
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; CALCULATION METHODS; DIFFUSION; DISTURBANCES; ELECTRON DENSITY; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MAGNETIC FLUX COORDINATES; PLASMA; PLASMA CONFINEMENT; PLASMA DIAGNOSTICS; SPECTRA; SURFACES; TEARING INSTABILITY; TURBULENCE