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Title: Experimental study of an X-band phase-locked relativistic backward wave oscillator

To achieve high power microwave combined with high frequency band, an X-band phase-locked relativistic backward wave oscillator (RBWO) is proposed and investigated theoretically and experimentally using a modulated electron beam. In the device, an overmoded input cavity and a buncher cavity are employed to premodulate the electron beam. Particle-in-cell simulation shows that an input power of 90 kW is sufficient to lock the frequency and phase of 1.5 GW output microwave with the locking bandwidth of 60 MHz. Moreover, phase and frequency locking of an RBWO has been accomplished experimentally with an output power of 1.5 GW. The fluctuation of the relative phase difference between output microwave and input RF signal is less than ±20° with the locking duration of about 50 ns. The input RF power required to lock the oscillator is only 90 kW.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [1]
  1. Institute of Applied Electronics, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China)
  2. (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22489858
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; CAVITY RESONATORS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; ELECTRON BEAMS; EXPERIMENT RESULTS; MHZ RANGE; MICROWAVE RADIATION; OSCILLATORS; RELATIVISTIC RANGE; SIGNALS