skip to main content

Title: Temperature and compression effects on electron heat capacity and electron-phonon coupling in aluminum and beryllium: Insights from ab initio simulations

Ultrafast laser experiments on metals usually induce a high electron temperature and a low ion temperature and, thus, an energy relaxation process. The electron heat capacity and electron-phonon coupling factor are crucial thermal quantities to describe this process. We perform ab initio theoretical studies to determine these thermal quantities and their dependence on density and electron temperature for the metals aluminum and beryllium. The heat capacity shows an approximately linear dependence on the temperature, similar to free electron gas, and the compression only slightly affects the capacity. The electron-phonon coupling factor increases with both temperature and density, and the change observed for beryllium is more obvious than that for aluminum. The connections between thermal quantities and electronic/atomic structures are discussed in detail, and the different behaviors of aluminum and beryllium are well explained.
Authors:
;  [1] ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, P.O. Box 8009, Beijing 100088 (China)
  2. (China)
  3. HEDPS, Center for Applied Physics and Technology, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22489848
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ALUMINIUM; BERYLLIUM; COMPRESSION; DENSITY; ELECTRON GAS; ELECTRON TEMPERATURE; ELECTRON-PHONON COUPLING; LASERS; PLASMA SIMULATION; RELAXATION; SPECIFIC HEAT