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Title: Small-angle neutron scattering study of the short-range organization of dispersed CsNi[Cr(CN){sub 6}] nanoparticles

Prussian blue analogues magnetic nanoparticles (of radius R{sub 0} = 2.4–8.6 nm) embedded in PVP (polyvinylpyrrolidone) or CTA{sup +} (cetyltrimethylammonium) matrices have been studied using neutron diffraction and small angle neutron scattering (SANS) at several concentrations. For the most diluted particles in neutral PVP, the SANS signal is fully accounted for by a “single-particle” spherical form factor with no structural correlations between the nanoparticles and with radii comparable to those inferred from neutron diffraction. For higher concentration in PVP, structural correlations modify the SANS signal with the appearance of a structure factor peak, which is described using an effective “mean-field” model. A new length scale R{sup * }≈ 3R{sub 0}, corresponding to an effective repulsive interaction radius, is evidenced in PVP samples. In CTA{sup +}, electrostatic interactions play a crucial role and lead to a dense layer of CTA{sup +} around the nanoparticles, which considerably alter the SANS patterns as compared to PVP. The SANS data of nanoparticles in CTA{sup +} are best described by a core-shell model without visible inter-particle structure factor.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ; ; ;  [2]
  1. Laboratoire Léon Brillouin, UMR12 CEA-CNRS, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France)
  2. Institut de Chimie Moléculaire et des Matériaux d'Orsay, CNRS, Université Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22489496
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; CARBON NITRIDES; CORRELATIONS; CYANIDES; FERROCYANIDES; FORM FACTORS; LAYERS; MEAN-FIELD THEORY; NANOPARTICLES; NEUTRON DIFFRACTION; POTASSIUM COMPOUNDS; PVP; SMALL ANGLE SCATTERING; STRUCTURE FACTORS