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Title: Effects of concentration-dependent elastic modulus on Li-ions diffusion and diffusion-induced stresses in spherical composition-gradient electrodes

The composition-gradient electrode material is considered as one of the most promising materials for lithium-ion batteries because of its excellent electrochemical performance and thermal stability. In this work, the effects of concentration-dependent elastic modulus on Li-ions diffusion and diffusion-induce stress in the composition-gradient electrodes were studied. The coupling equations of elasticity and diffusion under both potentiostatic charging and galvanostatic charging were developed to obtain the distributions of both the Li-ions concentration and the stress. The results indicated that the effects of the concentration-dependent elastic modulus on the Li-ions diffusion and the diffusion-induce stresses are controlled by the lithiation induced stiffening factor in the composition-gradient electrodes: a low stiffening factor at the center and a high stiffening factor at the surface lead to a significant effect, whereas a high stiffening factor at the center and a low stiffening factor at the surface result in a minimal effect. The results in this work provide guidance for the selection of electrode materials.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. School of Aerospace Engineering and Applied Mechanics, Tongji University, No. 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22489473
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; DIFFUSION; DISTRIBUTION; ELASTICITY; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; ELECTRODES; LITHIUM ION BATTERIES; LITHIUM IONS; MATERIALS; SPHERICAL CONFIGURATION; STABILITY; STRESSES; SURFACES