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Title: Giant magnetoelectric coupling interaction in BaTiO{sub 3}/BiFeO{sub 3}/BaTiO{sub 3} trilayer multiferroic heterostructures

Multiferroic trilayer thin films of BaTiO{sub 3}/BiFeO{sub 3}/BaTiO{sub 3} were prepared by RF-magnetron sputtering technique at different thicknesses of BiFeO{sub 3} layer. A pure phase polycrystalline growth of thin films was confirmed from X-ray diffraction results. The film showed maximum remnant electric polarization (2P{sub r}) of 13.5 μC/cm{sup 2} and saturation magnetization (M{sub s}) of 61 emu/cc at room temperature. Thermally activated charge transport dominated via oxygen vacancies as calculated by their activation energy, which was consistent with current–voltage characteristics. Magnetic field induced large change in resistance and capacitance of grain, and grain boundary was modeled by combined impedance and modulus spectroscopy in the presence of varied magnetic fields. Presence of large intrinsic magnetoelectric coupling was established by a maximum 20% increase in grain capacitance (C{sub g}) with applied magnetic field (2 kG) on trilayer having 20 nm BiFeO{sub 3} layer. Substantially higher magnetoelectric coupling in thinner films has been observed due to bonding between Fe and Ti atoms at interface via oxygen atoms. Room temperature magnetoelectric coupling was confirmed by dynamic magnetoelectric coupling, and maximum longitudinal magnetoelectric coupling of 515 mV/cm-Oe was observed at 20 nm thickness of BiFeO{sub 3}. The observed magnetoelectric properties are potentially useful for novel room temperature magnetoelectric and spintronic devicemore » applications for obtaining higher voltage at lower applied magnetic field.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. CSIR-National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi 110012 (India)
  2. Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110016 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22489170
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 107; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ATOMS; CAPACITANCE; CHARGE TRANSPORT; COUPLING; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; GRAIN BOUNDARIES; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; MAGNETRONS; OXYGEN; POLARIZATION; POLYCRYSTALS; SPECTROSCOPY; SPUTTERING; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; THIN FILMS; TITANATES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION