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Title: Spontaneous formation of circular and vortex ferroelectric domain structure in hexagonal YMnO{sub 3} and YMn{sub 0.9}Fe{sub 0.1}O{sub 3} prepared by low temperature solution synthesis

We report an experimental study of the domain structure of ferroelectric YMnO{sub 3} and YMn{sub 0.9}Fe{sub 0.1}O{sub 3} using polycrystalline samples prepared by direct hydrothermal crystallisation at 240 °C, well below their structural phase transition temperatures. Powder X-ray diffraction shows the expected P6{sub 3}cm space group for both samples with an increase in a and a small decrease in c with Fe incorporation, consistent with an adjustment of MnO{sub 5} tilting, while XANES spectra at the Mn and Fe K edges show the oxidation state of both metals are maintained at +3 in the doped sample. High resolution TEM shows that curved stripe, annular and vortex domains can all be observed in the YMnO{sub 3} crystals, proving that the structural phase transition is not the only driving force for the occurrence of the annular and vortex domains. Furthermore, the absence of the annular and vortex domains in YMn{sub 0.9}Fe{sub 0.1}O{sub 3} indicates that the tilting state of MnO{sub 5} bipyramids plays an important role in the domain formation. Atomic resolution STEM images confirm that the ferroelectric domain walls correspond to structural antiphase boundaries similar to the crystals made via high temperature solid-state reactions.
Authors:
;  [1] ; ; ; ; ;  [2]
  1. Department of Chemistry, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom)
  2. Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22489094
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 107; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; CRYSTALLIZATION; DOMAIN STRUCTURE; DOPED MATERIALS; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; MANGANESE OXIDES; MATHEMATICAL SOLUTIONS; POLYCRYSTALS; TRANSITION TEMPERATURE; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION