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Title: Properties of radiation-synthesized polyvinylpyrrolidone/chitosan hydrogel blends

Poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP)-crosslinked chitosan hydrogels were prepared by gamma radiation at various doses; 1, 3 5, 7, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30kGy. Gamma radiation was used as a crosslinking tool which requires no chemical initiator, no heating process and need no purification step on the end products obtained. The hydrogel formulations were composed of 6% chitosan with average molecular weight (Mw) = 48 800 g/mol and 14% PVP with Mw = 10 000 g/mol in 2% lactic acid. Physical properties of hydrogels such as gel fraction and swelling property at pH 5.5 and pH 7.0 as well as syneresis activity were determined. It was found that different radiation dose induces different effect on hydrogels’ network formed. Morphological study of hydrogels has been carried out by scanning electron microscope (SEM). From these preliminary evaluations, it can be concluded that gamma radiation is an effective tool for network development of hydrogels and it also induces enhancement on characteristics of hydrogels synthesized.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. School of Chemical Sciences and Food Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia 43600 Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia)
  2. (Malaysia)
  3. Radiation Processing Technology Division, Malaysian Nuclear Agency, 43000 Kajang, Selangor (Malaysia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22488999
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1678; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium, Selangor (Malaysia), 15-16 Apr 2015; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; AMINO ACIDS; CROSS-LINKING; GAMMA RADIATION; HYDROGELS; IRRADIATION; LACTIC ACID; OLIGOSACCHARIDES; PH VALUE; PHYSICAL PROPERTIES; PURIFICATION; PVP; RADIATION DOSES; RADIATION EFFECTS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SWELLING