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Title: Structure, magnetic and complex impedance analysis of (1-x)BaTiO{sub 3}- xMgFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} composite

MgFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} was synthesized by using sol-gel auto-combustion technique and coupled with BaTiO{sub 3} using the conventional solid state reaction method with different weight fraction of x = 0.00, 0.02, 0.04, 0.06 and 0.08 to form (1-x)BaTiO{sub 3} - xMgFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} composite. The structure, magnetic properties and complex impedance analysis of the composite samples were studied using X-ray diffraction technique (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and High-frequency response analyzer (HFRA) respectively. XRD patterns showed a single phase tetragonal BaTiO{sub 3} for each composition due to the very small amount of MgFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}. The hysteresis loop confirmed that the composite has soft magnetic properties by addition of MgFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}. Small coercive field, HC has been recorded and it decreased with the increasing of MgFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} weight fraction. However, magnetization increased when the amount of MgFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} is increased. Impedance analysis conducted in range of 0.1 Hz to 10 MHz showed two depressed semicircle arcs for samples with MgFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} due to the resistive and capacitive behavior of the bulk and grain boundaries of the samples.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. School of Applied Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22488980
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1678; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium, Selangor (Malaysia), 15-16 Apr 2015; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; BARIUM COMPOUNDS; FERRITES; GRAIN BOUNDARIES; HYSTERESIS; IMPEDANCE; MAGNESIUM COMPOUNDS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; MHZ RANGE; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SOL-GEL PROCESS; SOLIDS; TETRAGONAL LATTICES; TITANATES; VIBRATING SAMPLE MAGNETOMETERS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION