skip to main content

Title: The effect of gallium substitution on the microstructure and magnetic properties of yttrium iron garnet

Y{sub 3}Fe{sub (5-y)}Ga{sub y}O{sub 12} (y = 0, 0.4, 1.4 and 2,4) thin films were prepared by sol-gel method and annealed for 2h in oxygen. The thin film’s characteristic were studied by an X-ray diffraction (XRD), a field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and a vibration sample magnetometer (VSM). The XRD show that all films have the garnet phase structure. The grain size particles measured using FESEM were between 45.08 nm to 51.58 nm, and the thickness were between 42 nm to 90 nm. The magnetic properties measured using VSM showed that result was shown with hysteresis loop. The magnetization saturation decreased from 144.26 to 2.76 emu/cm{sup 3} with the increasing substitution gallium. The substitution for y = 2.4 was shown the saturation magnetization was very low. The coercivity increased 35 to 75 Oe due the the increasing grain size.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. School of Applied Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor. Malaysia (Malaysia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22488977
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1678; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium, Selangor (Malaysia), 15-16 Apr 2015; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; COERCIVE FORCE; FERRITE GARNETS; FIELD EMISSION; GRAIN SIZE; HYSTERESIS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SOL-GEL PROCESS; THIN FILMS; VIBRATING SAMPLE MAGNETOMETERS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; YTTRIUM COMPOUNDS