skip to main content

Title: Synthesis of manganese stearate for high density polyethylene (HDPE) and its biodegradation

An oxidant additive is one type of additive used for oxo-biodegradable polymers. This additive was prepared by reaction multivalent transition metals and fatty acids to accelerate the degradation process of polymers by providing a thermal treatment or irradiation with light. This study focused on the synthesis of manganese stearate as an additive for application in High Density Polyethylene (HDPE), and the influence of manganese stearate on the characteristics of HDPE including their biodegradability. Manganese stearate was synthesized by the reaction of stearic acid with sodium hydroxide, and sodium stearate formed was reacted with manganese chloride tetrahydrate to form manganese stearate with a melting point of 100-110 °C. Based on the FTIR spectrum showed absorption peak at wave number around 1560 cm{sup −1} which is an asymmetric vibration of CO functional group that binds to the manganese. The films of oxo-biodegradable polymer were prepared by blending HDPE and manganese stearate additives at various concentrations with using the polymer melting method, followed heating at a temperature of 50°C and 70°C for 10 days. The characterizations of the oxo-biodegradable polymers were carried out by analysis the functional groups (FTIR and ATR),thermal properties (TGA), surface properties (SEM), as well as analysis of the biodegradability (themore » biodegradation test by using activated sludge, % weight loss). Based on COi indicate that the additive of manganese stearate is active in oxidizing polymer by heating treatment. Results of biodegradation by microorganisms from activated sludge showed that the percentage weight loss of polymers increase with the increasing incubation time and the concentration of manganese stearate in HDPE. Biodegradability of HDPE with the addition of manganese stearate and followed by heating at a higher temperature was better observed. The highest percentage weight loss was obtained at the polymer with concentration of 0.2% manganese stearate, and followed by thermal treatment at a temperature of 70 °C and the incubation time for 45 days in the activated sludge.« less
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Research Division, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22488939
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1677; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 5. international conference on mathematics and natural sciences, Bandung (Indonesia), 2-3 Nov 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; BIODEGRADATION; CARBON MONOXIDE; CONCENTRATION RATIO; FOURIER TRANSFORMATION; HEAT TREATMENTS; INCUBATION; INFRARED SPECTRA; IRRADIATION; MANGANESE CHLORIDES; MELTING POINTS; MICROORGANISMS; OCTADECANOIC ACID; POLYETHYLENES; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SODIUM HYDROXIDES; STEARATES; SURFACE PROPERTIES; SYNTHESIS; THERMAL GRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS; VISIBLE RADIATION