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Title: Development on electromagnetic impedance function modeling and its estimation

Today the Electromagnetic methods such as magnetotellurics (MT) and controlled sources audio MT (CSAMT) is used in a broad variety of applications. Its usefulness in poor seismic areas and its negligible environmental impact are integral parts of effective exploration at minimum cost. As exploration was forced into more difficult areas, the importance of MT and CSAMT, in conjunction with other techniques, has tended to grow continuously. However, there are obviously important and difficult problems remaining to be solved concerning our ability to collect process and interpret MT as well as CSAMT in complex 3D structural environments. This talk aim at reviewing and discussing the recent development on MT as well as CSAMT impedance functions modeling, and also some improvements on estimation procedures for the corresponding impedance functions. In MT impedance modeling, research efforts focus on developing numerical method for computing the impedance functions of three dimensionally (3-D) earth resistivity models. On that reason, 3-D finite elements numerical modeling for the impedances is developed based on edge element method. Whereas, in the CSAMT case, the efforts were focused to accomplish the non-plane wave problem in the corresponding impedance functions. Concerning estimation of MT and CSAMT impedance functions, researches were focused onmore » improving quality of the estimates. On that objective, non-linear regression approach based on the robust M-estimators and the Hilbert transform operating on the causal transfer functions, were used to dealing with outliers (abnormal data) which are frequently superimposed on a normal ambient MT as well as CSAMT noise fields. As validated, the proposed MT impedance modeling method gives acceptable results for standard three dimensional resistivity models. Whilst, the full solution based modeling that accommodate the non-plane wave effect for CSAMT impedances is applied for all measurement zones, including near-, transition-as well as the far-field zones, and consequently the plane wave correction is no longer needed for the impedances. In the resulting robust impedance estimates, outlier contamination is removed and the self consistency between the real and imaginary parts of the impedance estimates is guaranteed. Using synthetic and real MT data, it is shown that the proposed robust estimation methods always yield impedance estimates which are better than the conventional least square (LS) estimation, even under condition of severe noise contamination. A recent development on the constrained robust CSAMT impedance estimation is also discussed. By using synthetic CSAMT data it is demonstrated that the proposed methods can produce usable CSAMT transfer functions for all measurement zones.« less
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Earth Physics and Complex System Division Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences Institut Teknologi Bandung (Indonesia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22488918
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1677; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 5. international conference on mathematics and natural sciences, Bandung (Indonesia), 2-3 Nov 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; CORRECTIONS; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; FINITE ELEMENT METHOD; IMPEDANCE; INTEGRALS; LEAST SQUARE FIT; NOISE; NONLINEAR PROBLEMS; THREE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; TRANSFER FUNCTIONS; WAVE PROPAGATION