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Title: Studies on structural properties of clay magnesium ferrite nano composite

Magnesium ferrite-bentonite clay composite was prepared by sol-gel combustion method employing citric acid as complexing agent and fuel. The effect of clay on the structural properties was studied with X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) Spectroscopy, Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), SEM- Energy dispersive Spectroscope (EDS) and BET surface area analyzer. Decrease in particle size and density was observed on addition of bentonite clay. The BET surface area of nano composite containing just 5 percent clay was 74.86 m{sup 2}/g. Whereas porosity increased from 40.5 per cent for the pure magnesium ferrite to 81.0 percent in the composite showing that nano-composite has potential application as an adsorbent.
Authors:
;  [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. Department of Chemistry, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana-141004 (India)
  2. Electron Microscopy and Nanoscience Laboratory, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana-141004 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22488874
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1675; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: AMRP-2015: 4. national conference on advanced materials and radiation physics, Longowal (India), 13-14 Mar 2015; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; ADSORBENTS; BENTONITE; CITRIC ACID; DENSITY; FERRITES; FOURIER TRANSFORMATION; INFRARED SPECTRA; MAGNESIUM COMPOUNDS; PARTICLE SIZE; POROSITY; POTENTIALS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SOL-GEL PROCESS; SURFACE AREA; X-RAY DIFFRACTION