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Title: Hydrogen response of porous palladium nano-films

Palladium nanoparticles were synthesized by reducing sodium tetrachloropalladate at 100°C using Ethylene Glycol as reducing agent. The nanoparticles were characterized by TEM (Transmission Electron Microscopy), and optical absorption spectroscopy. The average particle size (<10 nm) was obtained from TEM images, and the palladium SPR (Surface Plasmon Resonance) absorption maxima was observed at ∼220 nm. The porous sensing films were prepared by drying the nanoparticles precipitate on cleaned glass substrates. The high porosity of these films, as revealed by Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) studies, made these films suitable for hydrogen sensor applications. The resistance of the films, measured by making silver paste contacts on the porous surface, changed upon exposure to 1000 ppm hydrogen in nitrogen. Optimum sensor response was obtained at 50°C, beyond which it deteriorated. The total response comprising of initial rise and subsequent fall in resistance, is due to the formation of Pd-hydrides (whose resistivity is higher relative to Pd), and closure of interparticle gaps due to lattice expansion of palladium, respectively. A detailed analysis of the results based on the sensing mechanism has been discussed in the paper.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Physics and Materials Science, Jaypee University of Information Technology, Waknaghat, Distt. Solan-173234 (H.P) (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22488817
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1675; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: AMRP-2015: 4. national conference on advanced materials and radiation physics, Longowal (India), 13-14 Mar 2015; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY; FILMS; GLYCOLS; HYDRIDES; HYDROGEN; NANOPARTICLES; NITROGEN; PALLADIUM; PARTICLE SIZE; POROSITY; POROUS MATERIALS; PRECIPITATION; REDUCING AGENTS; RESONANCE ABSORPTION; SENSORS; SILVER; SUBSTRATES; SURFACES; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY