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Title: Studies on the effect of acid treated TiO{sub 2} on the electrical and tensile properties of hexanoyl chitosan-polystyrene-LiCF{sub 3}SO{sub 3} composite polymer electrolytes

Composite polymer electrolytes (CPEs) comprised of hexanoyl chitosan:polystyrene (90:10) blend, lithium triflouromethanesulfonate (LiCF{sub 3}SO{sub 3}) salt and titanium oxide (TiO{sub 2}) filler were prepared by solution casting technique. The TiO{sub 2} fillers were treated with 2% sulphuric acid (H{sub 2}SO{sub 4}) aqueous solution. The effect of acid treated TiO{sub 2} on the electrical and tensile properties of the electrolytes were investigated. Acid treated TiO{sub 2} decreased the electrolyte conductivity. Both the dielectric constant and dielectric loss decrease with increasing frequency and increases with increasing temperature. Relaxation times for ionic carriers were extracted from the loss tangent maximum peak at various temperatures. A distribution of relaxation time implied the non-Debye response. At all frequencies, ac conductivity increases with increasing temperature. An enhancement in the Young’s modulus was observed with the addition of TiO{sub 2}. The Young’s modulus increases with increasing TiO{sub 2} content. This is discussed using the percolation concept.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam (Malaysia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22488771
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1674; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: ICASIT2015: International conference on applied sciences and industrial technology, Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia), 24-26 Feb 2015; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; AMINO ACIDS; AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; DIELECTRIC MATERIALS; ELECTROLYTES; LITHIUM; OLIGOSACCHARIDES; PERMITTIVITY; POLYSTYRENE; RELAXATION TIME; SALTS; SULFURIC ACID; TENSILE PROPERTIES; TITANIUM OXIDES; YOUNG MODULUS