skip to main content

Title: Preparation, characterization and electroluminescence studies of ZnO nanorods for optoelectronic device applications

In this work, ZnO nanorods were achieved by a simple chemical precipitation method in the presence of capping agent Poly Vinyl Pyrrolidone (PVP) at room temperature. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) result indicates that the synthesized undoped ZnO nanorods have wurtzite hexagonal structure without any impurities. It has been seen that the growth orientation of the prepared ZnO nanorods were (101). XRD analysis revealed that the nanorods having the crystallite size 49 nm. The Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) image confirmed the size and shape of these nanorods. The diameter of nanorods has been found that 1.52 µm to 1.61 µm and the length of about 4.89 µm. It has also been found that at room temperature Ultra Violet Visible (UV-VIS) absorption band is around 355 nm (blue shifted as compared to bulk). Electroluminescence (EL) studies show that emission of light is possible at very small threshold voltage and increases rapidly with increasing applied voltage. It is seen that smaller ZnO nanoparticles give higher electroluminescence brightness starting at lower threshold voltage. The brightness is also affected by increasing the frequency of AC signal.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Physics, Rungta college of Engg. & Tech., Kohka Kurud Road, Bhilai (C.G.) (India)
  2. Department of Physics, Surguja University, Ambikapur (C.G) (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22488670
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1670; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: EIPT-2015: International conference on emerging interfaces of plasma science and technology, Ujjain (India), 9-10 Mar 2015; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ABSORPTION; BRIGHTNESS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; ELECTROLUMINESCENCE; NANOPARTICLES; NANOSTRUCTURES; OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICES; ORIENTATION; PRECIPITATION; PVP; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; VISIBLE RADIATION; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; ZINC OXIDES