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Title: The diverse applications of plasma

Plasma being the fourth state of matter has always been an attraction for Physicists and Chemists. With the advent of time, plasma energy has been recognized in having widening horizons in the field of Biomedical Sciences. Plasma medicine can be subdivided into three main fields; Non-thermal atmospheric-pressure direct plasma for medical therapy; Plasma-assisted modification of bio-relevant surfaces and Plasma-based bio-decontamination and sterilization. The basis of the research is that as it has free carrier molecules, it has the ability to target specific cells and regulate functions like wound healing. Plasma does not harm healthy human cells but can kill bacteria and possibly even cancer cells to help treat various diseases. Nosocomial infection control, prevention and containment of contagious diseases, disinfection of medical devices, surface treatment (heat and UV sensitive surfaces) are research of interest. Recent success in generating plasma at very low temperature ie. Cold plasma makes the therapy painless. It has the ability to activate cellular responses and important mechanisms in the body. They target specific molecules such as prothrombin for blood coagulation, cytokines for killing bacteria, and angiogenesis for tissue regeneration. Plasma has bactericidal, fungicidal and virucidal properties. Plasma technology has flourishing future in diverse fields like Textiles,more » Nanofabrication, Automotives, Waste management, Microbiology, Food Hygiene, Medical Science like Skin treatments, sterilisation of wounds, Hand disinfection, Dental treatments etc. Food hygiene using plasma can be achieved in disinfection of food containers, food surface disinfection, hygiene in food handling, preparation and packaging. Therefore Plasma is most promising field for budding Scientist for fluorishing research in Biological Sciences.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Acropolis Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research, Indore MP India (India)
  2. Mata Gujri College of Professional Studies, Indore MP India (India)
  3. School of Studies in Microbiology, Vikram University, Ujjain MP India (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22488665
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1670; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: EIPT-2015: International conference on emerging interfaces of plasma science and technology, Ujjain (India), 9-10 Mar 2015; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; ANGIOGENESIS; ANIMAL CELLS; BACTERIA; BLOOD COAGULATION; COLD PLASMA; DRUGS; FOOD; HEALING; LYMPHOKINES; MOLECULES; NANOSTRUCTURES; NEOPLASMS; PROTHROMBIN; STERILIZATION; SURFACE TREATMENTS; TEXTILES; THERAPY; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WOUNDS