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Title: The half-metallicity of LiMgPdSn-type quaternary Heusler alloys FeMnScZ (Z=Al, Ga, In): A first-principle study

Based on the first-principles calculations, quaternary Heusler alloys FeMnScZ (Z=Al, Ga, In) including its phase stability, band gap, the electronic structures and magnetic properties has been studied systematically. We have found that, in terms of the equilibrium lattice constants, FeMnScZ (Z=Al, Ga, In) are half-metallic ferrimagnets, which can sustain the high spin polarization under a very large amount of lattice distortions. The half-metallic band gap in FeMnScZ (Z=Al, Ga, In) alloys originates from the t{sub 1u}-t{sub 2g} splitting instead of the e{sub u}-t{sub 1u} splitting. The total magnetic moments are 3μB per unit cell for FeMnScZ (Z=Al, Ga, In) alloys following the Slater–Pauling rule with the total number of valence electrons minus 18 rather than 24. According to the study, the conclusion can be drawn that all of these compounds which have a negative formation energy are possible to be synthesized experimentally.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Physics, college of science, North China University of Science And Technology (former Hebei United University), Tangshan, 063009 (China)
  2. Department of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Hebei University of Science and Technology, Tangshan Branch, TangShan, 063000 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22488591
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Advances; Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2015 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; EQUILIBRIUM; FORMATION HEAT; HEUSLER ALLOYS; LATTICE PARAMETERS; MAGNETIC MOMENTS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; METALLICITY; PHASE STABILITY; SPIN ORIENTATION