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Title: Impact of varying buffer thickness generated strain and threading dislocations on the formation of plasma assisted MBE grown ultra-thin AlGaN/GaN heterostructure on silicon

Plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy (PAMBE) growth of ultra-thin Al{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}N/GaN heterostructures on Si(111) substrate with three buffer thickness (600 nm/400 nm/200 nm) have been reported. An unique growth process has been developed that supports lower temperature epitaxy of GaN buffer which minimizes thermally generated tensile strain through appropriate nitridation and AlN initiated epitaxy for achieving high quality GaN buffer which supports such ultra-thin heterostructures in the range of 10-15Å. It is followed by investigations of role of buffer thickness on formation of ultra-thin Al{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}N/GaN heterostructure, in terms of stress-strain and threading dislocation (TD). Structural characterization were performed by High-Resolution X-Ray Diffraction (HRXRD), room-temperature Photoluminescence (RT-PL), High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). Analysis revealed increasing biaxial tensile stress of 0.6918 ± 0.04, 1.1084, 1.1814 GPa in heterostructures with decreasing buffer thickness of 600, 400, 200 nm respectively which are summed up with residual tensile strain causing red-shift in RT-PL peak. Also, increasing buffer thickness drastically reduced TD density from the order 10{sup 10} cm{sup −2} to 10{sup 8} cm{sup −2}. Surface morphology through AFM leads to decrease of pits and root mean square value with increasing buffer thickness which are resulted due tomore » reduction of combined effect of strain and TDs.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Advanced Technology Development Centre, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur 721302 (India)
  2. (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22488588
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Advances; Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2015 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ALUMINIUM NITRIDES; ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY; DENSITY; DISLOCATIONS; GALLIUM NITRIDES; MOLECULAR BEAM EPITAXY; NITRIDATION; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; PLASMA; SILICON; STRAINS; STRESSES; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION