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Title: Observation of longitudinal spin-Seebeck effect in cobalt-ferrite epitaxial thin films

The longitudinal spin-Seebeck effect (LSSE) has been investigated in cobalt ferrite (CFO), an exceptionally hard magnetic spinel ferrite. A bilayer of a polycrystalline Pt and an epitaxially-strained CFO(110) exhibiting an in-plane uniaxial anisotropy was prepared by reactive rf sputtering technique. Thermally generated spin voltage in the CFO layer was measured via the inverse spin-Hall effect in the Pt layer. External-magnetic-field (H) dependence of the LSSE voltage (V{sub LSSE}) in the Pt/CFO(110) sample with H ∥ [001] was found to exhibit a hysteresis loop with a high squareness ratio and high coercivity, while that with H∥[11{sup -}0] shows a nearly closed loop, reflecting the different anisotropies induced by the epitaxial strain. The magnitude of V{sub LSSE} has a linear relationship with the temperature difference (ΔT), giving the relatively large V{sub LSSE} /ΔT of about 3 μV/K for CFO(110) which was kept even at zero external field.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [2] ; ; ; ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. WPI Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)
  2. (Japan)
  3. Spin Quantum Rectification Project, ERATO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)
  4. Institute of Applied Physics, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-8573 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22488564
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Advances; Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2015 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ANISOTROPY; COBALT; COERCIVE FORCE; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; EPITAXY; FERRITE; FERRITES; HALL EFFECT; HYSTERESIS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; POLYCRYSTALS; SEEBECK EFFECT; SPIN; SPINELS; SPUTTERING; STRAINS; THIN FILMS