skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Local structures in mixed Li{sub x}Fe{sub 1−y}M{sub y}PO{sub 4} (M=Co, Ni) electrode materials

We employ {sup 57}Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy as a local tool to probe electrical environments of Fe{sup 2+} and Fe{sup 3+} at different lithiation (x) and cation-substitution (y) levels in Li{sub x}Fe{sub 1−y}M{sub y}PO{sub 4}/C (M=Co, Ni) Li-ion battery electrode materials. Upon delithiation the local environment of Fe{sup 3+} remains unaffected for the parent y=0 system due to the LiFePO{sub 4}/FePO{sub 4} phase separation, whereas for y>0 changes in the electrical environment are seen for Fe{sup 3+}. When the Fe{sup 2+}/Fe{sup 3+} redox couple is partially-delithiated, a decreasing quadrupole splitting value is observed for Fe{sup 3+} with increasing y, implying a more symmetric electrical environment. The increasing concentration of the Co{sup 2+}/Ni{sup 2+} substituent introduces increasing amounts of Li atoms in the Fe{sup 3+}-containing phase, and these nearest-neighbor Li atoms are suspected to cause the changes seen in the local environment of Fe{sup 3+}. - Graphical abstract: Local environment of iron in Li{sub x}Fe{sub 1−y}(Co/Ni){sub y}PO{sub 4} is studied by {sup 57}Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy at different lithiation (x) and cation-substitution (y) levels. - Highlights: • Local Fe environment in Li{sub x}Fe{sub 1−y}(Co/Ni){sub y}PO{sub 4} is studied by {sup 57}Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy. • Co/Ni-for-Fe substitution results in a more symmetric electrical environmentmore » for Fe{sup 3+}. • Due to presence of Co{sup 2+}/Ni{sup 2+}, Li atoms are introduced into the Fe{sup 3+}-containing phase. • These nearest-neighbor Li atoms are suggested to change the local Fe{sup 3+} environment.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Department of Chemistry, Aalto University, FI-00076 Espoo (Finland)
  2. Department of Physics, Åbo Akademi, FI-20500 Turku (Finland)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22486829
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 230; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CATIONS; COBALT IONS; COBALT PHOSPHATES; CONCENTRATION RATIO; ELECTRODES; IRON 57; IRON IONS; IRON PHOSPHATES; LITHIUM ION BATTERIES; LITHIUM PHOSPHATES; NICKEL IONS; NICKELATES