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Title: Structure and magnetic properties of the REAuBi{sub 2} (RE=La–Nd, Sm) phases

We present the crystal structures and basic magnetic properties of the REAuBi{sub 2} (RE=La–Nd, Sm) compounds. This isostructural family crystallizes in the tetragonal P4/nmm (no. 129) HfCuSi{sub 2}-type, as determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Three distinct substructures are present: an RE layer, a tetrahedral AuBi layer, and a Bi square net layer. Electronic structure calculations indicate that these compounds display bands which cross the Fermi level, derived from both the Bi square net and the covalent AuBi layer. The small size of LaAuBi{sub 2} crystals precluded detailed physical property measurements, whereas large single crystals could be grown for all other phases investigated here. Single crystal measurements of CeAuBi{sub 2}, PrAuBi{sub 2}, and NdAuBi{sub 2} show overall antiferromagnetic ordering and decreasing magnetic anisotropy with decreasing rare earth size. SmAuBi{sub 2} also shows signatures of magnetic ordering. - Graphical abstract: The crystal structures and basic electronic and magnetic properties of the five REAuBi{sub 2} (RE=La–Nd, Sm) phases are presented. These tetragonal structures have alternating layers of AuBi{sub 4} tetrahedra and a Bi square net balanced by RE cations. Measurements performed on single crystals show strong magnetic anisotropy for CeAuBi{sub 2} and PrAuBi{sub 2} and weak anisotropy for NdAuBi{sub 2}. SmAuBi{sub 2}more » is weakly magnetic. - Highlights: • We present the structures and basic properties of single crystals of the new, tetragonal REAuBi{sub 2} (RE=La–Nd, Sm) phases. • CeAuBi{sub 2}, PrAuBi{sub 2}, NdAuBi{sub 2}, and SmAuBi{sub 2} order magnetically. • CeAuBi{sub 2} and PrAuBi{sub 2} display magnetic anisotropy. • CeAuBi{sub 2} appears analogous to CeAuSb{sub 2} and may be worthy of further study as a potential system for quantum criticality.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22486820
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 230; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ANISOTROPY; ANTIFERROMAGNETISM; BISMUTH ALLOYS; COVALENCE; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; FERMI LEVEL; GOLD ALLOYS; LANTHANUM ALLOYS; LAYERS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; MONOCRYSTALS; NEODYMIUM ALLOYS; SAMARIUM ALLOYS; TETRAGONAL LATTICES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION