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Title: Transmission electron microscopy study of the MgS–Tm{sub 2}S{sub 3} system

This work presents the structural–microstructural characterization of the NaCl-derivative MgS–Tm{sub 2}S{sub 3} system, which can be formulated by the expression Mg{sub (1−x)}Tm{sub (2/3)x}□{sub (1/3)x}S (□→cation vacancy). Transmission electron microscopy observations show the transition between NaCl-type and spinel-type structures when 0 ≤x≤ 0.75. The increase of Tm content in the solid solution provokes the increase of the spinel-type phase proportion, which intergrows with the NaCl-type crystals. When x≥0.75, some phases derived from NaCl-type structure through the chemical twinning at the unit cell level crystallographic operation are observed, such as CT-MgTm{sub 2}S{sub 4} and CT-MgTm{sub 4}S{sub 7}. The existence and nature of the extended defects observed along the c direction of these structures are characterized by means of Scanning-Transmission electron microscopy high-angle dark field imaging, which allows observing the presence of quasi ordered crystals with new possible complex stoichiometries at atomic resolution. - Graphical abstract: HAADF-STEM image of a disordered CT-MgYb{sub 2}S{sub 4} crystal. The disordered twin-slab sequences are marked by arrows. - Highlights: • Structural evolution of the Mg{sub (1−x)}Tm{sub (2/3)x}□{sub (1/3)x}S system was characterized by means of TEM. • The increase in Tm content provokes the transition from NaCl to spinel-type structure up to x=0.75. • Chemical twinned phases CT-MgTm{submore » 2}S{sub 4} and CT-MgTm{sub 4}S{sub 7} are observed at high Tm contents. • Extended defects in CT-crystals are characterized with atomic resolution STEM-HAADF images.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Departamento de Química Inorgánica, Universidad Complutense, Madrid E-28040 (Spain)
  2. Centro Nacional de Microscopía Electrónica, Universidad Complutense, Madrid E-28040 (Spain)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22486780
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 229; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; CRYSTALS; MAGNESIUM SULFIDES; MICROSTRUCTURE; SLABS; SODIUM CHLORIDES; SOLID SOLUTIONS; SPINELS; STOICHIOMETRY; THULIUM SULFIDES; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; TWINNING; VACANCIES