skip to main content

Title: Structure and ionic conductivity of well-aligned polycrystalline sodium titanogallate grown by reactive diffusion

We prepared the b-axis-oriented polycrystalline Na{sub 0.85}Ti{sub 0.51}Ga{sub 4.37}O{sub 8} (NTGO) embedded in Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3}-doped Na{sub 2}Ti{sub 4}O{sub 9} matrix using the reactive diffusion technique. When the sandwich-type Ga{sub 2}TiO{sub 5}/NaGaO{sub 2}/Ga{sub 2}TiO{sub 5} diffusion couple was heated at 1323 K for 24 h, the NTGO polycrystal was readily formed in the presence of a liquid phase. The resulting polycrystalline material was characterized by X-ray diffractometry, electron microscopy and impedance spectroscopy. We mechanically processed the annealed diffusion couple and obtained the thin-plate electrolyte consisting mostly of the grain-aligned NTGO polycrystal. The ionic conductivity (σ) of the electrolyte along the common b-axis direction steadily increased from 1.3×10{sup −4} to 7.3×10{sup −3} S/cm as the temperature increased from 573 to 1073 K. There was a slope change at ca. 792 K for the Arrhenius plot of σ; the activation energies were 0.39 eV above this temperature and 0.57 eV below it. The NTGO showed the crystal structure (space group C2/m) with substantial positional disordering of one of the two Ga sites. The Na{sup +} ions occupied ca. 43% of the Wyckoff position 4i site, the deficiency of which would contribute to the relatively high ionic conductivity along the b-axis. The reactivemore » diffusion could be widely applicable as the novel technique to the preparation of grain-aligned ceramics of multi-component systems. - Graphical abstract: We have prepared the b-axis-oriented Na{sub 0.85}Ti{sub 0.51}Ga{sub 4.37}O{sub 8} polycrystal embedded in Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3}-doped Na{sub 2}Ti{sub 4}O{sub 9} matrix by the heat treatment of sandwich-type diffusion couple of Ga{sub 2}TiO{sub 5}/NaGaO{sub 2}/Ga{sub 2}TiO{sub 5}. The resulting Na{sub 0.85}Ti{sub 0.51}Ga{sub 4.37}O{sub 8} electrolyte showed the ionic conductivity ranging from 1.3×10{sup −4} S/cm at 573 K to 7.3×10{sup −3} S/cm at 1073 K. - Highlights: • The b-axis-oriented polycrystalline Na{sub 0.85}Ti{sub 0.51}Ga{sub 4.37}O{sub 8} is successfully prepared. • Crystal structure of Na{sub 0.85}Ti{sub 0.51}Ga{sub 4.37}O{sub 8} is determined by single-crystal XRD. • The polycrystal shows relatively high Na{sup +} ion conductivity along the common b-axis. • Reactive diffusion is successfully used for the preparation of grain-aligned ceramics.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Department o f Materials Science and Engineering, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Nagoya 466-8555 (Japan)
  2. Advanced Ceramics Research Center, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Tajimi 507-0071 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22486772
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 229; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ACTIVATION ENERGY; ANNEALING; CERAMICS; DIFFUSION; DOPED MATERIALS; ELECTRIC CONDUCTORS; ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; GALLIUM OXIDES; IMPEDANCE; MATRIX MATERIALS; MONOCLINIC LATTICES; MONOCRYSTALS; PLATES; POLYCRYSTALS; SODIUM COMPOUNDS; SODIUM IONS; TITANATES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION