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Title: Saturation curve of SiO{sub 2} component in rutile-type GeO{sub 2}: A recoverable high-temperature pressure standard from 3 GPa to 10 GPa

The accuracy and precision of pressure measurements and the pursuit of reliable and readily available pressure scales at simultaneous high temperatures and pressures are still topics in development in high pressure research despite many years of work. In situ pressure scales based on x-ray diffraction are widely used but require x-ray access, which is lacking outside of x-ray beam lines. Other methods such as fixed points require several experiments to bracket a pressure calibration point. In this study, a recoverable high-temperature pressure gauge for pressures ranging from 3 GPa to 10 GPa is presented. The gauge is based on the pressure-dependent solubility of an SiO{sub 2} component in the rutile-structured phase of GeO{sub 2} (argutite), and is valid when the argutite solid solution coexists with coesite. The solid solution varies strongly in composition, mainly in pressure but also somewhat in temperature, and the compositional variations are easily detected by x-ray diffraction of the recovered products because of significant changes in the lattice parameters. The solid solution is measured here on two isotherms, one at 1200 °C and the other at 1500 °C, and is developed as a pressure gauge by calibrating it against three fixed points for each temperature andmore » against the lattice parameter of MgO measured in situ at a total of three additional points. A somewhat detailed thermodynamic analysis is then presented that allows the pressure gauge to be used at other temperatures. This provides a way to accurately and reproducibly evaluate the pressure in high pressure experiments and applications in this pressure-temperature range, and could potentially be used as a benchmark to compare various other pressure scales under high temperature conditions. - Graphical abstract: The saturation curve of SiO{sub 2} in TiO{sub 2} shows a strong pressure dependence and a strong dependence of unit cell volume on composition. This provides an opportunity to use this saturation curve as a measurement of pressure during a high-pressure experiment. The curve is a sensitive measure of pressure from 3 GPa to 10 GPa at high temperatures. The pressure is derived from lattice parameter measurements on the recovered solid solution, meaning that in-situ measurements are not necessary to evaluate the pressure of the experiment. - Highlights: • The unit cell of a saturated GeO{sub 2}–SiO{sub 2} solid solution is used as a pressure sensor. • We measure nine bracketed pressure points on the GeO{sub 2}–SiO{sub 2} saturation surface. • We provide a pressure calibrant from 3 GPa to 10 GPa at two temperatures. • Four points are measured at 1200 °C and five points at 1500 °C. • A thermodynamic model is developed for use of the calibrant at other temperatures.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. Dept of Chemistry, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ (United States)
  2. Sandvik Hyperion, 6325 Huntley Rd., Worthington, OH, 43229 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22486748
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 229; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CALIBRATION; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; GERMANATES; GERMANIUM OXIDES; ISOTHERMS; LATTICE PARAMETERS; MAGNESIUM OXIDES; PRESSURE DEPENDENCE; PRESSURE GAGES; PRESSURE MEASUREMENT; SILICA; SILICON OXIDES; SOLID SOLUTIONS; SOLUBILITY; SURFACES; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TITANIUM OXIDES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION