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Title: Effect of sintering time on structural, microstructural and chemical composition of Ni-doped lanthanum gallate perovskites

This work reports the effect of two different sintering times, 6 and 48 h on the structural, microstructural, and chemical features of Ni-doped La{sub 0.90}Sr{sub 0.10}GaO{sub 3.00−δ}. Independently of the sintering time, La{sub 0.90}Sr{sub 0.10}Ga{sub 1−x}Ni{sub x}O{sub 3.00−δ} (where x=0.10, and 0.20 (mol)) presents a rhombohedral symmetry with a lattice volume that decreases when NiO dopant increases. Besides the perovskite, LaSrGa{sub 3.00}O{sub 7.00} (nominal composition) is present as second phase in all cases. When the samples are doped with NiO, the peaks of this second phase are shifted with respect to the peaks of the pure phase. These shifts suggest that this second phase could admit some Ni ions in its structure. According to the XRD patterns, the amount of the latter phase is larger when sintering time is increased. Electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) indicated that the matrix of the samples sintered for 6 h is constituted by a perovskite with an experimental composition very close to the nominal one. However, when the samples are sintered for 48 h the matrix of each sample is constituted by two perovskites; both with compositional deviations with respect to their nominal one. In particular, a significant Sr depletion compensated by a La incrementmore » in the A site is observed. Those compositional deviations could be mainly due to the diffusion of the cations in the bulk and/or from the bulk to the surface of the samples. That diffusion can favour the formation, not only, of a second perovskite with a different composition in relation with the first one formed, but also, the formation of second phases. In addition, a very slight broadening of Bragg peaks of the perovskites sintered for 48 h is observed by XRD and can be related to the presence of two different perovskites in each sample according to EPMA results. By BSEM and EPMA analyses La{sub 4.00}Ga{sub 2.00}O{sub 9.00} (nominal composition) is also observed as second phase when samples are treated for 48 h. - Graphical abstract: Typical microstructures, observed by FEG-SEM, of La{sub 0.90}Sr{sub 0.10}Ga{sub 1−x}Ni{sub x}O{sub 3.00−δ} materials with x=0.00 and 0.10 (nominal compositions) and sintered at 1450 °C for 48 h after polishing and thermal etching are shown. Lighter grey grains with a bimodal grain size are observed and according to XEDS analysis correspond to two perovskites with different experimental compositions (labelled as 1 and 2 for x=0.00 and labelled as 4 and 5 for x=0.10, respectively), meanwhile the darker grey phases correspond to LaSrGa{sub 3.00}O{sub 7.00} (labelled as 3 for x=0.00) and LaSr(Ga{sub 1−y′},Ni{sub y′}){sub 3.00}O{sub 7.00} (labelled as 6 for x=0.10), respectively. - Highlights: • When NiO is introduced into La{sub 0.90}Sr{sub 0.10}GaO{sub 3.00−δ} a change in symmetry is produced. • A significant Sr depletion in the A-site of perovskites treated for 48 h is observed. • Compositional deviations could be due to a thermally-activated diffusional process. • The phase purity of these materials is deteriorated when the sintering time is extended.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Instituto de Cerámica y Vidrio, CSIC, C/ Kelsen no. 5, 28049 Madrid (Spain)
  2. Department of Materials, Imperial College, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2BP (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22486733
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 228; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; BRAGG CURVE; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; DOPED MATERIALS; ELECTRON MICROPROBE ANALYSIS; GALLIUM OXIDES; GRAIN SIZE; LANTHANUM COMPOUNDS; MATRIX MATERIALS; NICKEL IONS; NICKEL OXIDES; PEROVSKITE; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SINTERING; SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS; STRONTIUM COMPOUNDS; SURFACES; TRIGONAL LATTICES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION