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Title: High-pressure synthesis and crystal structures of the strontium oxogallates Sr{sub 2}Ga{sub 2}O{sub 5} and Sr{sub 5}Ga{sub 6}O{sub 14}

High-pressure synthesis experiments in a piston–cylinder apparatus at 1.5 GPa/3.0 GPa and 1000 °C resulted in the formation of single-crystals of Sr{sub 2}Ga{sub 2}O{sub 5} and Sr{sub 5}Ga{sub 6}O{sub 14}, respectively. The structures of both compounds have been solved from single-crystal diffraction data sets using direct methods. The first compound is orthorhombic with space group type Pbca (a=10.0021(4) Å, b=9.601(4) Å, c=10.6700(4) Å, V=1024.6(4) Å{sup 3}, M{sub r}=394.68 u, Z=8, D{sub x}=5.12 g/cm{sup 3}) and belongs to the group of single layer gallates. Individual sheets are parallel to (0 0 1) and can be built from the condensation of unbranched vierer single chains running along [0 1 0]. The layers are characterized by the presence of four- and strongly elliptical eight-membered rings of corner connected tetrahedra in UUDD and UUUUDDDD conformation. Strontium atoms are sandwiched between the tetrahedral layers for charge compensation and are coordinated by six and seven oxygen ligands, respectively. Sr{sub 2}Ga{sub 2}O{sub 5} is isotypic with several other double sulfides and selenides. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first example of an oxide with this structure type. From a structural point of view, Sr{sub 5}Ga{sub 6}O{sub 14} is a phyllogallate as well. The crystalmore » structure adopts the monoclinic space group P2{sub 1}/c (a=8.1426(3) Å, b=8.1803(3) Å, c=10.8755(4) Å, β=91.970(4)° V=723.98(5) Å{sup 3}, M{sub r}=1080.42 u, Z=2, D{sub x}=4.96 g/cm{sup 3}). Individual sheets extend along (0 0 1). Basic building units are unbranched dreier single chains parallel to [1 0 0]. The layers contain tertiary (Q{sup 3}) und quaternary (Q{sup 4}) connected [GaO{sub 4}]-tetrahedra in the ratio 2:1 resulting in a Ga:O ratio of 3:7 and the formation of exclusively five-membered rings. Linkage between adjacent tetrahedral sheets is provided by three symmetrically independent strontium ions which are surrounded by six to eight oxygen atoms. The layers in Sr{sub 5}Ga{sub 6}O{sub 14} are similar to those observed in the melilite structure-type. Crystallochemical relationships between the present phases and other known compounds are discussed in detail. - Graphical abstract: A single tetrahedral layer and the location of the Sr-cations directly above the sheet in high-pressure Sr{sub 5}Ga{sub 6}O{sub 14}. - Highlights: • We report the crystal structures of two new strontium oxogallates with composition Sr{sub 2}Ga{sub 2}O{sub 5} and Sr{sub 5}Ga{sub 6}O{sub 14.} • Both phases have been obtained in the course of high-pressure piston–cylinder experiments performed at 1.5 and 3.0 GPa. • The crystallochemical characteristics and similarities with known structure types are discussed in detail.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Institute of Mineralogy and Petrography, University of Innsbruck, Innrain 52, Innsbruck A-6020 (Austria)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22486717
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 228; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ATOMS; CATIONS; DIFFRACTION; GALLIUM OXIDES; LATTICE PARAMETERS; LAYERS; LIGANDS; MONOCLINIC LATTICES; MONOCRYSTALS; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; OXYGEN; SELENIDES; SHEETS; STRONTIUM IONS; STRONTIUM OXIDES; SULFIDES; SYNTHESIS