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Title: Guiding and focusing of fast electron beams produced by ultra-intense laser pulse using a double cone funnel target

A novel double cone funnel target design aiming at efficiently guiding and focusing fast electron beams produced in high intensity (>10{sup 19‚ÄČ}W/cm{sup 2}) laser-solid interactions is investigated via two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations. The forward-going fast electron beams are shown to be directed and focused to a smaller size in comparison with the incident laser spot size. This plasma funnel attached on the cone target guides and focuses electrons in a manner akin to the control of liquid by a plastic funnel. Such device has the potential to add substantial design flexibility and prevent inefficiencies for important applications such as fast ignition. Two reasons account for the collimation of fast electron beams. First, the sheath electric fields and quasistatic magnetic fields inside the vacuum gap of the double cone provide confinement of the fast electrons in the laser-plasma interaction region. Second, the interface magnetic fields inside the beam collimator further guide and focus the fast electrons during the transport. The application of this technique to cone-guided fast ignition is considered, and it is shown that it can enhance the laser energy deposition in the compressed fuel plasma by a factor of 2 in comparison with the single cone target case.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2]
  1. Graduate School, China Academy of Engineering Physics, P.O. Box 2101, Beijing 100088 (China)
  2. Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100094 (China)
  3. (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22486455
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; COLLIMATORS; CONES; ELECTRIC FIELDS; ELECTRON BEAMS; ENERGY ABSORPTION; LASER RADIATION; LASER TARGETS; LASER-PRODUCED PLASMA; MAGNETIC FIELDS; PLASMA CONFINEMENT; PULSES; THERMONUCLEAR IGNITION; TWO-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS