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Title: Oxygen deficiency induced deterioration in microstructure and magnetic properties at Y{sub 3}Fe{sub 5}O{sub 12}/Pt interface

Transport efficiency of pure spin current across the ferromagnetic films adjacent with a nonmagnetic metal is strongly dependent on the spin mixing conductance, which is very sensitive to atomic-level interface conditions. Here, by the means of advanced electron microscopy techniques, atomic structure, electronic structure, and magnetic properties at Y{sub 3}Fe{sub 5}O{sub 12} (YIG)/Pt interface are detailed characterized to correlate the microstructure and magnetic properties with interfacial transport properties. It is found that the order-disorder structure transformation at the interface is accompanied with oxygen deficiency, thus the reduced iron valence and the break of magnetic atom-O-magnetic atom bridges, which is responsible for superexchange interaction and magnetic order. It is also found that the magnetic moment of interfacial iron ions is decreased. The disorder interfacial layer with suppressed magnetism finally contributes to the declined spin transport efficiency. Our results provide the knowledge to control and manipulate the interfacial structure and properties in order to obtain higher spin transport efficiency.
Authors:
;  [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. National Center for Electron Microscopy in Beijing, Key Laboratory of Advanced Materials (MOE) and The State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)
  2. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Special Artificial Microstructure and Pohl Institute of Solid State Physics and School of Physics Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22486381
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 107; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ATOMS; CURRENTS; EFFICIENCY; ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; FERRITE GARNETS; FILMS; INTERFACES; IRON; IRON IONS; IRON OXIDES; LAYERS; MAGNETIC MOMENTS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETISM; MICROSTRUCTURE; OXYGEN; SPIN; YTTRIUM COMPOUNDS