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Title: Microwave induced plasma discharge in multi-cell superconducting radio-frequency cavity

A R&D effort for in situ cleaning of 1.5 GHz Superconducting Radio Frequency (SRF) cavities at room temperature using the plasma processing technique has been initiated at Jefferson Lab. This is a step toward the cleaning of cryomodules installed in the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF). For this purpose, we have developed an understanding of plasma discharge in a 5-cell CEBAF-type SRF cavity having configurations similar to those in the main accelerator. The focus of this study involves the detailed investigations of developing a plasma discharge inside the cavity volume and avoids the breakdown condition in the vicinity of the ceramic RF window. A plasma discharge of the gas mixture Ar–O{sub 2} (90%:10%) can be established inside the cavity volume by the excitation of a resonant 4π/5 TM{sub 010}-mode driven by a klystron. The absence of any external magnetic field for generating the plasma is suitable for cleaning cavities installed in a complex cryomodule assembly. The procedures developed in these experimental investigations can be applied to any complex cavity structure. Details of these experimental measurements and the observations are discussed in the paper.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. BML Munjal University, Gurgaon, Haryana 123413 (India)
  2. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22483259
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 86; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; ACCELERATOR FACILITIES; CEBAF ACCELERATOR; ELECTRON BEAMS; EXCITATION; KLYSTRONS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MICROWAVE RADIATION; PLASMA; RADIOWAVE RADIATION; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K