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Title: Preliminary results concerning the simulation of beam profiles from extracted ion current distributions for mini-STRIKE

The Radio Frequency (RF) negative hydrogen ion source prototype has been chosen for the ITER neutral beam injectors due to its optimal performances and easier maintenance demonstrated at Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Garching in hydrogen and deuterium. One of the key information to better understand the operating behavior of the RF ion sources is the extracted negative ion current density distribution. This distribution—influenced by several factors like source geometry, particle drifts inside the source, cesium distribution, and layout of cesium ovens—is not straightforward to be evaluated. The main outcome of the present contribution is the development of a minimization method to estimate the extracted current distribution using the footprint of the beam recorded with mini-STRIKE (Short-Time Retractable Instrumented Kalorimeter). To accomplish this, a series of four computational models have been set up, where the output of a model is the input of the following one. These models compute the optics of the ion beam, evaluate the distribution of the heat deposited on the mini-STRIKE diagnostic calorimeter, and finally give an estimate of the temperature distribution on the back of mini-STRIKE. Several iterations with different extracted current profiles are necessary to give an estimate of the profile most compatible with the experimentalmore » data. A first test of the application of the method to the BAvarian Test Machine for Negative ions beam is given.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [3]
  1. Consorzio RFX (CNR, ENEA, INFN, Università di Padova, Acciaierie Venete SpA), Corso Stati Uniti 4, 35127 Padova (Italy)
  2. Physics Department, Università di Padova, via F. Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy)
  3. Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstrasse 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22483020
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: (c) 2015 EURATOM; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; ANIONS; BEAM PROFILES; CALORIMETERS; CESIUM; CURRENT DENSITY; CURRENTS; DISTRIBUTION; GEOMETRY; HYDROGEN IONS; ITER TOKAMAK; RADIOWAVE RADIATION; SIMULATION