skip to main content

Title: Development and testing of a pulsed helium ion source for probing materials and warm dense matter studies

The neutralized drift compression experiment was designed and commissioned as a pulsed, linear induction accelerator to drive thin targets to warm dense matter (WDM) states with peak temperatures of ∼1 eV using intense, short pulses (∼1 ns) of 1.2 MeV lithium ions. At that kinetic energy, heating a thin target foil near the Bragg peak energy using He{sup +} ions leads to more uniform energy deposition of the target material than Li{sup +} ions. Experiments show that a higher current density of helium ions can be delivered from a plasma source compared to Li{sup +} ions from a hot plate type ion source. He{sup +} beam pulses as high as 200 mA at the peak and 4 μs long were measured from a multi-aperture 7-cm-diameter emission area. Within ±5% variation, the uniform beam area is approximately 6 cm across. The accelerated and compressed pulsed ion beams can be used for materials studies and isochoric heating of target materials for high energy density physics experiments and WDM studies.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1] ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)
  2. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22483005
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; ACCELERATORS; BEAM PULSERS; BRAGG CURVE; CURRENT DENSITY; ENERGY ABSORPTION; ENERGY DENSITY; ENERGY LOSSES; HELIUM IONS; ION BEAMS; ION SOURCES; KINETIC ENERGY; LITHIUM IONS; MATERIALS; MEV RANGE 01-10; PULSES