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Title: First experiments with the negative ion source NIO1

Neutral Beam Injectors (NBIs), which need to be strongly optimized in the perspective of DEMO reactor, request a thorough understanding of the negative ion source used and of the multi-beamlet optics. A relatively compact radio frequency (rf) ion source, named NIO1 (Negative Ion Optimization 1), with 9 beam apertures for a total H{sup −} current of 130 mA, 60 kV acceleration voltage, was installed at Consorzio RFX, including a high voltage deck and an X-ray shield, to provide a test bench for source optimizations for activities in support to the ITER NBI test facility. NIO1 status and plasma experiments both with air and with hydrogen as filling gas are described. Transition from a weak plasma to an inductively coupled plasma is clearly evident for the former gas and may be triggered by rising the rf power (over 0.5 kW) at low pressure (equal or below 2 Pa). Transition in hydrogen plasma requires more rf power (over 1.5 kW)
Authors:
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  1. INFN-Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro (LNL), v.le dell’Università 2, I-35020 Legnaro PD (Italy)
  2. Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padova (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22482984
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; ACCELERATION; ANIONS; APERTURES; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; HYDROGEN; ITER TOKAMAK; OPTIMIZATION; PLASMA; PRESSURE RANGE PA; RADIOWAVE RADIATION; TEST FACILITIES; X RADIATION