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Title: A feasibility study of a NBI photoneutralizer based on nonlinear gating laser recirculation

The neutralization efficiency of negative ion neutral beam injectors is a major issue for future fusion reactors. Photon neutralization might be a valid alternative to present gas neutralizers, but still with several challenges for a valid implementation. Some concepts have been presented so far but none has been validated yet. A novel photoneutralization concept is discussed here, based on an annular cavity and a duplicated frequency laser beam (recirculation injection by nonlinear gating). The choice of lithium triborate as the material for the second harmonic extractor is discussed and a possible cooling method via crystal slicing is presented; laser intensity enhancement within the cavity is evaluated in order to quantify the achievable neutralization rate. Mockups of the critical components are proposed as intermediate steps toward system realization.
Authors:
; ;  [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. Consorzio RFX (CNR, ENEA, INFN, Università di Padova, Acciaierie Venete SpA), Corso Stati Uniti 4, 35127 Padova (Italy)
  2. Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica, Università degli Studi di Padova, Via 8 Febbraio 1848, 2, 35122 Padova (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22482982
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; ANIONS; BEAMS; CRYSTALS; EFFICIENCY; FEASIBILITY STUDIES; LASERS; LITHIUM; NONLINEAR PROBLEMS; PHOTONS; THERMONUCLEAR REACTORS