skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Different approaches to modeling the LANSCE H{sup −} ion source filament performance

An overview of different approaches to modeling of hot tungsten filament performance in the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) H{sup −} surface converter ion source is presented. The most critical components in this negative ion source are two specially shaped wire filaments heated up to the working temperature range of 2600 K–2700 K during normal beam production. In order to prevent catastrophic filament failures (creation of hot spots, wire breaking, excessive filament deflection towards source body, etc.) and to improve understanding of the material erosion processes, we have simulated the filament performance using three different models: a semi-empirical model, a thermal finite-element analysis model, and an analytical model. Results of all three models were compared with data taken during LANSCE beam production. The models were used to support the recent successful transition from the beam pulse repetition rate of 60 Hz–120 Hz.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22482934
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; ANIONS; BEAM PRODUCTION; FILAMENTS; FINITE ELEMENT METHOD; HOT SPOTS; ION SOURCES; NEUTRONS; PERFORMANCE; PULSES; SIMULATION; TUNGSTEN