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Title: Defect detection inside superconducting 1.3 GHz cavities by means of x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy

X-ray fluorescence probe for detection of foreign material inclusions on the inner surface of superconducting cavities has been developed and tested. The setup detects trace element content such as a few micrograms of impurities responsible for thermal breakdown phenomena limiting the cavity performance. The setup has been customized for the geometry of 1.3 GHz TESLA-type niobium cavities and focuses on the surface of equator area at around 103 mm from the centre axis of the cavities with around 20 mm detection spot. More precise localization of inclusions can be reconstructed by means of angular or lateral displacement of the cavity. Preliminary tests confirmed a very low detection limit for elements laying in the high efficiency spectrum zone (from 5 to 10 keV), and a high angular resolution allowing an accurate localization of defects within the equator surface.
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. INFN Milano–LASA, Segrate, MI (Italy)
  2. DESY, Hamburg (Germany)
  3. (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22482808
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: (c) 2016 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; DEFECTS; DETECTION; FLUORESCENCE; GHZ RANGE 01-100; IMPURITIES; NIOBIUM; PERFORMANCE; PROBES; RESOLUTION; SENSITIVITY; SUPERCONDUCTING CAVITY RESONATORS; SURFACES; X RADIATION; X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS