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Title: A novel approach to correct the coded aperture misalignment for fast neutron imaging

Aperture alignment is crucial for the diagnosis of neutron imaging because it has significant impact on the coding imaging and the understanding of the neutron source. In our previous studies on the neutron imaging system with coded aperture for large field of view, “residual watermark,” certain extra information that overlies reconstructed image and has nothing to do with the source is discovered if the peak normalization is employed in genetic algorithms (GA) to reconstruct the source image. Some studies on basic properties of residual watermark indicate that the residual watermark can characterize coded aperture and can thus be used to determine the location of coded aperture relative to the system axis. In this paper, we have further analyzed the essential conditions for the existence of residual watermark and the requirements of the reconstruction algorithm for the emergence of residual watermark. A gamma coded imaging experiment has been performed to verify the existence of residual watermark. Based on the residual watermark, a correction method for the aperture misalignment has been studied. A multiple linear regression model of the position of coded aperture axis, the position of residual watermark center, and the gray barycenter of neutron source with twenty training samples hasmore » been set up. Using the regression model and verification samples, we have found the position of the coded aperture axis relative to the system axis with an accuracy of approximately 20 μm. Conclusively, a novel approach has been established to correct the coded aperture misalignment for fast neutron coded imaging.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049 (China)
  2. Laser Fusion Research Center, CAEP, Mianyang, 621900 Sichuan (China)
  3. Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100094 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22482649
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 86; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; ACCURACY; ALGORITHMS; ALIGNMENT; APERTURES; BIOMEDICAL RADIOGRAPHY; CORRECTIONS; DIAGNOSIS; FAST NEUTRONS; IMAGES; NEUTRON SOURCES; PEAKS; TRAINING; VERIFICATION