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Title: Acoustic streaming, fluid mixing, and particle transport by a Gaussian ultrasound beam in a cylindrical container

A computational study is reported of the acoustic streaming flow field generated by a Gaussian ultrasound beam propagating normally toward the end wall of a cylindrical container. Particular focus is given to examining the effectiveness of the acoustic streaming flow for fluid mixing within the container, for deposition of particles in suspension onto the bottom surface, and for particle suspension from the bottom surface back into the flow field. The flow field is assumed to be axisymmetric with the ultrasound transducer oriented parallel to the cylinder axis and normal to the bottom surface of the container, which we refer to as the impingement surface. Reflection of the sound from the impingement surface and sound absorption within the material at the container bottom are both accounted for in the computation. The computation also accounts for thermal buoyancy force due to ultrasonic heating of the impingement surface, but over the time period considered in the current simulations, the flow is found to be dominated by the acoustic streaming force, with only moderate effect of buoyancy force.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. School of Engineering, The University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405 (United States)
  2. Department of Physics, The University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22482450
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Fluids (1994); Journal Volume: 27; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; AXIAL SYMMETRY; CONTAINERS; CYLINDRICAL CONFIGURATION; DEPOSITION; FLUIDS; IMPINGEMENT; MIXING; SIMULATION; SOUND WAVES; SURFACES; SUSPENSIONS