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Title: Micro- and nano-domain engineering in lithium niobate

The physical basis of the domain engineering in ferroelectrics and its application to lithium niobate crystals were reviewed. The unified kinetic approach to the domain structure evolution in electric field was formulated and its validity for understanding the variety of observed domain evolution scenarios was demonstrated. The kinetics and statics of the domain structure in the crystals of lithium niobate family including congruent, stoichiometric, and MgO doped ones have been discussed. The main stages of the periodical poling process and related problems have been pointed out. The basic poling techniques applied for creation of the periodical domain structures in bulk crystals and waveguides were compared. The recent applications of the periodically poled lithium niobate for light frequency conversion using second harmonic generation and optical parametric oscillation, excitation of the surface acoustic waves, and generation of terahertz radiation have been discussed. The special attention has been paid for achievements in fabrication of high-power optical parametric oscillation and integrated optical devices with periodically poled lithium niobate. The future trends in periodical poling and development of the nanodomain engineering which will allow to create the nanoscale domain patterns necessary for utilization of the new nonlinear interactions were reviewed.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Institute of Natural Sciences, Ural Federal University, 620000 Ekaterinburg, Russia and Labfer Ltd., 620014 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22482273
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Reviews; Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; CRYSTALS; DOMAIN STRUCTURE; DOPED MATERIALS; FABRICATION; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; HARMONIC GENERATION; LITHIUM; MAGNESIUM OXIDES; NANOSTRUCTURES; NIOBATES; PERIODICITY; STOICHIOMETRY; SURFACES; VISIBLE RADIATION