skip to main content

Title: Microscopically crumpled indium-tin-oxide thin films as compliant electrodes with tunable transmittance

Indium-tin-oxide (ITO) thin films are perceived to be stiff and brittle. This letter reports that crumpled ITO thin films on adhesive poly-acrylate dielectric elastomer can make compliant electrodes, sustaining compression of up to 25% × 25% equi-biaxial strain and unfolding. Its optical transmittance reduces with crumpling, but restored with unfolding. A dielectric elastomer actuator (DEA) using the 14.2% × 14.2% initially crumpled ITO thin-film electrodes is electrically activated to produce a 37% areal strain. Such electric unfolding turns the translucent DEA to be transparent, with transmittance increased from 39.14% to 52.08%. This transmittance tunability promises to make a low-cost smart privacy window.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [1]
  1. School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798 (Singapore)
  2. (Singapore)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22482173
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 107; Journal Issue: 13; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ACRYLATES; ACTUATORS; ADHESIVES; DIELECTRIC MATERIALS; ELECTRODES; INDIUM; STRAINS; THIN FILMS; TIN OXIDES