skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Fabrication of reproducible sub-5 nm nanogaps by a focused ion beam and observation of Fowler-Nordheim tunneling

Creating a stable high resistance sub-5 nm nanogap in between conductive electrodes is one of the major challenges in the device fabrication of nano-objects. Gap-sizes of 20 nm and above can be fabricated reproducibly by the precise focusing of the ion beam and careful milling of the metallic lines. Here, by tuning ion dosages starting from 4.6 × 10{sup 10} ions/cm and above, reproducible nanogaps with sub-5 nm sizes are milled with focused ion beam. The resistance as a function of gap dimension shows an exponential behavior, and Fowler-Nordheim tunneling effect was observed in nanoelectrodes with sub-5 nm nanogaps. The application of Simmon's model to the milled nanogaps and the electrical analysis indicates that the minimum nanogap size approaches to 2.3 nm.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Appled Materials Science, Department of Engineering Sciences, Uppsala University, Box 534, 75121 Uppsala (Sweden)
  2. (Pakistan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22482051
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 107; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ELECTRODES; EQUIPMENT; FABRICATION; FOCUSING; ION BEAMS; IONS; MILLING; NANOSTRUCTURES; TUNNEL EFFECT