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Title: Impacts of software and its engineering on the carbon footprint of ICT

The energy consumption of information and communication technology (ICT) is still increasing. Even though several solutions regarding the hardware side of Green IT exist, the software contribution to Green IT is not well investigated. The carbon footprint is one way to rate the environmental impacts of ICT. In order to get an impression of the induced CO{sub 2} emissions of software, we will present a calculation method for the carbon footprint of a software product over its life cycle. We also offer an approach on how to integrate some aspects of carbon footprint calculation into software development processes and discuss impacts and tools regarding this calculation method. We thus show the relevance of energy measurements and the attention to impacts on the carbon footprint by software within Green Software Engineering.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Institute for Software Systems, Environmental Campus Birkenfeld, Campusallee, D-55761 Birkenfeld (Germany)
  2. Fritz-Wunderlich-Stra├če 14, D-66869 Kusel (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22479736
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Environmental Impact Assessment Review; Journal Volume: 52; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; CALCULATION METHODS; CARBON DIOXIDE; CARBON FOOTPRINT; COMPUTER CODES; ENERGY CONSUMPTION; ENERGY EFFICIENCY; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; LIFE CYCLE