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Title: Reduction by symmetries in singular quantum-mechanical problems: General scheme and application to Aharonov-Bohm model

We develop a general technique for finding self-adjoint extensions of a symmetric operator that respects a given set of its symmetries. Problems of this type naturally arise when considering two- and three-dimensional Schrödinger operators with singular potentials. The approach is based on constructing a unitary transformation diagonalizing the symmetries and reducing the initial operator to the direct integral of a suitable family of partial operators. We prove that symmetry preserving self-adjoint extensions of the initial operator are in a one-to-one correspondence with measurable families of self-adjoint extensions of partial operators obtained by reduction. The general scheme is applied to the three-dimensional Aharonov-Bohm Hamiltonian describing the electron in the magnetic field of an infinitely thin solenoid. We construct all self-adjoint extensions of this Hamiltonian, invariant under translations along the solenoid and rotations around it, and explicitly find their eigenfunction expansions.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. I. E. Tamm Theory Department, P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Leninsky Prospect 53, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22479561
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Mathematical Physics; Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; AHARONOV-BOHM EFFECT; EIGENFUNCTIONS; HAMILTONIANS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; QUANTUM MECHANICS; ROTATION; SOLENOIDS; SYMMETRY