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Title: Hot deformation characterization of duplex low-density steel through 3D processing map development

The high temperature deformation behavior of duplex low-density Fe–18Mn–8Al–0.8C steel was investigated at temperatures in the range of 600–1000 °C. The primary constitutive analysis indicated that the Zener–Hollomon parameter, which represents the coupled effects of temperature and strain rate, significantly varies with the amount of deformation. Accordingly, the 3D processing maps were developed considering the effect of strain and were used to determine the safe and unsafe deformation conditions in association with the microstructural evolution. The deformation at efficiency domain I (900–1100 °C\10{sup −} {sup 2}–10{sup −} {sup 3} s{sup −} {sup 1}) was found to be safe at different strains due to the occurrence of dynamic recrystallization in austenite. The safe efficiency domain II (700–900 °C\1–10{sup −} {sup 1} s{sup −} {sup 1}), which appeared at logarithmic strain of 0.4, was characterized by deformation induced ferrite formation. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that the microband formation and crack initiation at ferrite\austenite interphases were the main causes of deformation instability at 600–800 °C\10{sup −} {sup 2}–10{sup −} {sup 3} s{sup −} {sup 1}. The degree of instability was found to decrease by increasing the strain due to the uniformity of microbanded structure obtained at higher strains. The shear band formation atmore » 900–1100 °C\1–10{sup −} {sup 1} s{sup −} {sup 1} was verified by electron backscattered diffraction. The local dynamic recrystallization of austenite and the deformation induced ferrite formation were observed within shear-banded regions as the results of flow localization. - Graphical abstract: Display Omitted - Highlights: • The 3D processing map is developed for duplex low-density Fe–Mn–Al–C steel. • The efficiency domains shrink, expand or appear with increasing strain. • The occurrence of DRX and DIFF increases the power efficiency. • Crack initiation at α/γ interphase and shear banding lead to failure.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2]
  1. The Complex Laboratory of Hot Deformation & Thermomechanical Processing of High Performance Engineering Materials, School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, P.O. Box 11155-4563, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
  2. Center for Advanced Steels Research, Materials Engineering Research Group, University of Oulu, Oulu, P.O. Box 4200, FI-90014 (Finland)
  3. (Finland)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22476173
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Characterization; Journal Volume: 107; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ALUMINIUM COMPOUNDS; AUSTENITE; CARBON COMPOUNDS; CRACK PROPAGATION; DEFORMATION; DENSITY; DIFFRACTION; IRON COMPOUNDS; MANGANESE COMPOUNDS; MICROSTRUCTURE; RECRYSTALLIZATION; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; STEELS; STRAIN RATE; STRAINS; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE