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Title: Influence of fibre distribution and grain size on the mechanical behaviour of friction stir processed Mg–C composites

Short C fibres–Mg matrix composites have been produced by friction stir processing sandwiches made of a layer of C fabric stacked between two sheets of Mg alloy AZ31B or AZ91D. This novel processing technique can allow the easy production of large-scale metal matrix composites. The paper investigates the microstructure of FSPed C fibre–Mg composites in relation with the fragmentation of the C fibres during FSP and their influence on the tensile properties. 3D X-ray tomography reveals that the fibres orient like onion rings and are more or less fragmented depending on the local shear stress during the process. The fibre volume fraction can be increased from 2.3% to 7.1% by reducing the nugget volume, i.e. by using a higher advancing speed in AZ31B alloy or a stronger matrix alloy, like AZ91D alloy. A higher fibre volume fraction leads to a smaller grain size which brings about an increase of the composite yield strength by 15 to 25%. However, a higher fibre volume fraction also leads to a lower fracture strain. Fracture surface observations reveal that damage occurs by fibre/matrix decohesion along fibres oriented perpendicularly to the loading direction. - Graphical abstract: Display Omitted - Highlights: • C–Mg MMCs were producedmore » by FSP sandwiches made of a C fabric between Mg sheets. • Fibre fragmentation and erosion is larger when the temperature reached during FSP is lower. • A lower advancing speed brings a lower fibre volume fraction and a lower grain size. • X-ray tomography reveals that fibres orient along the FSP material flow. • The fibres and grain size reduction increase the yield strength by 15 to 25%.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Université de Liège, Faculty of Applied Science, A&M Department, Metallic Materials Science Unit (Belgium)
  2. Université catholique de Louvain, Institute of Mechanics, Materials and Civil Engineering (Belgium)
  3. Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon (INSA Lyon), MATEIS Laboratory (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22476159
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Characterization; Journal Volume: 107; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; DISTRIBUTION; EROSION; FIBERS; FRAGMENTATION; FRICTION; GRAIN SIZE; LAYERS; LEAD; MAGNESIUM ALLOYS; REDUCTION; STRESSES; SURFACES; TENSILE PROPERTIES; YIELD STRENGTH